DOI: https://doi.org/10.18523/kmhj189062.2019-6.161-176

The Reconstruction of Christian Theodicy in Taras Shevchenko’s Poetry

Olha Bihun

Abstract


This article focuses on the role of Christian theodicy in Taras Shevchenko’s works. With a biography marked by trauma and suffering, it is no wonder that Shevchenko orients his poetic worldview in search of understanding the nature of evil and human suffering. Operating through a Christological model, Shevchenko arrives at a poetics based on theodicy, as a means of understanding suffering in the world. He analyses the  problem  of  evil  associated  with  the  phenomenology  of  suffering  within  the framework of religious ethics. The works of the early period emphasize “truth and revenge,” retribution, and physical punishment over the “malicious” in the spirit of Old Testament dogma. The period of Shevchenko’s exile and subsequent works is characterized by changes in moods. The theodicy of Shevchenko’s works reveals the signs of Christodicy. Shevchenko’s concept of “suffering” is theologically based, as he believes that suffering is the key to conversion to faith.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abramovych, Dmytro. Kyievo-Pecherskyi Pateryk [Kyivan Cave Patericon]. Kyiv: Chаs, 1991.

Barabash, Yurii. Taras Shevchenko: imperatyv Ukrainy [Taras Shevchenko: The Imperative of Ukraine]. Kyiv: Vydavnychyi dim “Kyievo-Mohylianska Akademiia,” 2004.

Bovsunivska, Tetiana. “Mnemonichnyi pratekst Tarasa Shevchenka [Mnemonic Pretext of Taras Shevchenko].” Shevchenkoznavchi studii 11 (2008): 7–12.

Buchynskyi, Dmytro. Khrystyiansko-filosofska dumka Tarasa H. Shevchenka [Taras Shevchenko’s Christian-Philosophical Conception]. Madrid; London: Soiuz ukraintsiv u Velykii Brytanii, 1962.

Dovha, Larysa. “Sotsialna utopiia Inokentiia Gizelia [Inokentii Gizel’s Social Utopia].” In Ukraina XVII stolittia: suspilstvo, filosofiia, kultura, edited by Larysa Dovha and Nataliia Yakovenko, 221–38. Kyiv: Krytyka, 2005.

Dziuba, Ivan. “Boh. Relihiia. Tserkva u tvorchosti Tarasa Shevchenka [God. Religion. Church in Taras Shevchenko’s Writings].” Taras Shevchenko i narodna kultura 1 (2004): 150–69.

Gizel, Inokentii. Vybrani tvory v 3 tomakh [Selected Works in 3 Volumes]. Vol. 1. Кyiv: Svichado, 2009.

Grabowicz, George. Shevchenko, yakoho ne znaiemo [Shevchenko That is Unknown]. Kyiv: Krytyka, 2000.

Hick, John. Evil and God of Love. Cleveland: Fount Paperbacks Collins, 1978.

Horskyi, Vilen. Narysy z istorii filosofskoi kultury Kyivskoi Rusi (seredyna XII — seredyna XIII stolit) [The Essays of Kyivska Rus’s Philosophical Culture (Middle of the 12th to the Middle of the 13th Centuries]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 1994.

Honcharuk, Tetiana. “Postat Tarasa Shevchenka u filosofskykh intentsiiakh Oleksandra Kulchytskoho [The Figure of Taras Shevchenko in the Philosophical Intentions of Oleksandr Kulchytskyi].” Mandrivets 6 (2008): 80–83.

Howard-Snyder, Daniel. The Evidential Argument from Evil. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Hurbanska, Antonina. “Taras Shevchenko i Hryhorii Skovoroda: perehuk ekzystentsiinykh vymiriv tvorchosti [Taras Shevchenko and Hryhorii Skovoroda: The Interchange of the Existential Dimensions in their Works].” Shevchenkoznavchi studii 18 (2014): 280–86.

Meizerska, Tetiana. Slovo Shevchenka: mif, metafora, istoriia [Shevchenko’s Word: Myth, Metaphor, History]. Odessa: Astroprint, 1996.

Mokry, Włodzimierz. Literatura i myśl filozoficzno-religijna ukraińskiego romantyzmu: Szewczenko, Kostomarow, Szaszkiewicz. Krakуw: Uniwersytet Jagielloński, 1996.

Nakhlik, Yevhen. Dolia — Los — Sudba: Shevchenko i polski ta rosiiski romantyky [Fate — Los — Destiny: Taras Shevchenko and Polish and Russian Romantics]. Lviv: Svit, 2003.

Pakharenko, Volodymyr. “‘Оi try shliakhy shyrokii…’ (Pro Shevchenkove bachennia borotby zi zlom) [‘Oh Three Roads Wide…’ (About Shevchenko’s Vision of the Battle against Evil)].” Shevchenkiv svit 3 (2010): 44–66.

Perets, Vladimir. Issledovaniia i materialy po istorii ukrainskoi literatury XVI–XVIII vekov. Moscow; Leningrad: Izdatelstvo Akademii nauk USSR, 1962.

Peterson, Michael L. The Problem of Evil. Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1992.

Pliushch, Leonid. Ekzod Tarasa Shevchenka [Taras Shevchenko’s Exodus]. Kyiv: Fakt, 2001.

Popper, Karl R. The Open Society and its Enemies. Vol. 1. London: Routledge, 1962.

Shevchenko, Taras. Povne zibrannia tvoriv u 12 tomakh [Complete Works in 12 Volumes]. Vol. 5. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 2003.

Shevchenko, Taras. Selected Works, Poetry and Prose. Translated by Irina Zheleznova. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1979.

Stepovyk, Dmytro. Nasliduiuchy Khrysta: viruiuchyi u Boga Taras Shevchenko [Following the Example of Christ: Believer in God Taras Shevchenko]. Kyiv: Vydavnytstvo im. Oleny Telihy, 2013.

Valverde, Carlos. Filosofskaia antropologiia. Translated by H. Vdovina. Moscow: Khristianskaia Rossiia, 2000.

Vasylii Velykyi. Moralno-asketychni tvory [Ethic and Ascetic Works]. Lviv: Svichado, 2006.

Yaremenko, Vasyl. “‘Liudei i … ne prokliav!’ (Do problemy Shevchenkovoho traktuvannia teodytsei) [‘The People but … He didn’t Damn!’ (To the Problem of Shevchenko’s Interpretation of Evil].” Kyivska starovyna 2 (2005): 108–17.

Zlatoust, Ioann. Polnoe sobranie tvorenii v 12 tomakh. Vol. 3. Pochaev: Sviato-Uspenskaia Pochaevskaia Lavra, 2005.

Zabuzhko, Oksana. Shevchenkiv mif Ukrainy. Sproba filosofskoho analizu [Shevchenko’s Myth of Ukraine: An Attempt at a Philosophical Analysis]. Kyiv: Abrys, 1997.





Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal
ISSN 2313-4895
National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
2 Skovoroda St., Kyiv 04655, Ukraine