Art Nouveau Ukrainian Architecture in a Global Context
Keywords:architecture, Ukrainian Art Nouveau, rationalism, secession, construction
AbstractThe article is dedicated to Ukrainian Art Nouveau architecture, which became a unique phenomenon in the development of late nineteenth and early twentieth-century architecture. Along with the reality that architecture in Ukraine evolved as a component of the European artistic movement, a distinctive architectural style was formed, based on the development of the traditions of folk architecture and ornamentation. This style produced much innovation in the shaping, decor, and ornamentation of buildings. Significant contributions to the development of architectural modernism in
Ukraine were made by Opanas Slastion, Vasyl Krychevskyi, Yevhen Serdiuk, Oleksandr Verbytskyi, Serhii Tymoshenko, Oleksandr Lushpynskyi, Ivan Levynskyi, Dmytro Diachenko, and others. Ukrainian Art Nouveau architecture was represented by five main architectural styles: modernist, folkloric, rationalist, neo-baroque, and Vienna Secession. Due to an attainment of the possibilities embodied in the constructions, developed techniques, and in the design of interior space and external features — such as walls, roofs, doors and windows, columns and balustrades — this style formed its own expressive system, which included a significant number of socially significant types of buildings (dwellings, schools, hospitals, warehouses, government buildings, places of worship). The styles of Ukrainian architectural modernism have not exhausted their
potential and may yet have a continuation in contemporary architecture and that of the future.
Aseev, Yurii. Stili v arkhitekture Ukrainy [Styles in the Architecture of Ukraine]. Kyiv: Budivelnyk, 1989.
Bilenkova, Svitlana. Arkhitektura Chernivtsiv XIX–pershoi polovyny XX stolit [The Architecture of Chernivtsi From the 19th to the First Half of the 20th Century]. Chernivtsi: Bukrek, 2009.
Biriulov, Yurii. Mystetstvo lvivskoi setsesii [The Art of the Lviv Secession]. Lviv: Tsentr Yevropy, 2005.
Chepelyk, Viktor. Ukrainskyi arkhitekturnyi modern [Ukrainian Architectural Modernism]. Kyiv: KNUBA, 2000.
Honcharenko, Maksym. “Stanovlennia istorychnykh doslidzhen arkhitektury Ukrainy (kinets XIX–pochatok XX stolit) [The Formation of Historical Studies of the Architecture of Ukraine (End of the 19th–to the Beginning of the 20th Century)].” PhD diss., Akademiia obrazotvorchoho mystetstva i arkhitektury, 2000.
Honcharenko, Maksym. “Modern v Ukraini. Vasyl Krychevskyi [Modernism in Ukraine: Vasyl Krychevskyi].” Osvita rehionu 3 (2016): 90–4.
Hrymaliuk, Rostyslava. “Formuvannia estetychnoi platformy setsesii v ukrainskomu mystetstvi kintsia XIX–pochatku XXst. [The Formation of the Aesthetics of the Secession in Ukrainian Art (End of the 19th–to the Beginning of the 20th Century)].” Narodoznavchi zoshyty 6 (2014): 1316–27.
Ivashko, Yuliia. “Dosvid teoretychnoho doslidzhennia arkhitektury styliu modern [The Practice of Theoretical Research on the Modernist Architectural Style].” Arkhitekturnyi visnyk KNUBA 3 (2014): 15–21.
Oborska, Svitlana. “Syntez mystetstv u predmetnomu seredovyshchi styliu modern [Synthesis of the Arts in the Context of the Modernist Style].” PhD diss., Kyivskyi natsionalnyi universytet kultury i mystetstv, 2009.
Skibitska, Tetiana. Kyivskyi arkhitekturnyi modern (1900–1910 roky) [The Kyivan Architectural Modernism, 1900s–1910s]. Lviv: Tsentr Yevropy, 2011.
Tronko, Petro, ed. Zvid pamiatok istorii ta kultury Ukrainy [Register of Monuments of the History and Culture of Ukraine]. Book 1. Kyiv: URE, 1999.
Tymofiienko, Volodymyr. Zodchi Ukrainy kintsia XVIII–pochatku XX stolit [Architects of Ukraine of From the Late 18th to the Early 20th Century]. Kyiv: NDITIAM, 1999.
Vechirko, Roman. Ukrainska ta zarubizhna kultura [Ukrainian and Global Culture]. Kyiv: KNEU, 2003.
Yasevich, Vladimir. Arkhitektura Ukrainy na rubezhe XIX–XX vekov [The Architecture of Ukraine at the Turn of 19th–20th Centuries]. Kyiv: Budivelnyk, 1988.
Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal provides free access to original research without restriction barriers (i.e. subscription fees, licensing fees etc.). The journal allows re-use of content for non-commercial/educational purposes indexing the source.
Unless otherwise indicated, content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, which means you are free to:
and make commercial use of the work
...provided that any use is made with attribution to author(s) and Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal.
The author passes copyright of the article to the journal and Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal; author can archive post-print articles (PDF versions) on s/he web-site (http://www.sherpa.ac.uk).