DOI: https://doi.org/10.18523/kmhj189056.2019-6.137-148

Art Nouveau Ukrainian Architecture in a Global Context

Nelia Romaniuk

Abstract


The article is dedicated to Ukrainian Art Nouveau architecture, which became a unique phenomenon in the development of late nineteenth and early twentieth-century architecture. Along with the reality that architecture in Ukraine evolved as a component of the European artistic movement, a distinctive architectural style was formed, based on the development of the traditions of folk architecture and ornamentation. This style produced much innovation in the shaping, decor, and ornamentation of buildings. Significant contributions to the development of architectural modernism in
Ukraine were made by Opanas Slastion, Vasyl Krychevskyi, Yevhen Serdiuk, Oleksandr Verbytskyi, Serhii Tymoshenko, Oleksandr  Lushpynskyi, Ivan Levynskyi,  Dmytro Diachenko, and others. Ukrainian Art Nouveau architecture was represented by five main architectural styles: modernist, folkloric, rationalist, neo-baroque, and Vienna Secession. Due to an attainment of the possibilities embodied in the constructions, developed techniques, and in the design of interior space and external features — such as walls, roofs, doors and windows, columns and balustrades — this style formed its own expressive system, which included a significant number of socially significant types of buildings (dwellings, schools, hospitals, warehouses, government buildings, places of  worship). The styles of Ukrainian architectural modernism have not exhausted their
potential and may yet have a continuation in contemporary architecture and that of the future.

Keywords


architecture; Ukrainian Art Nouveau; rationalism; secession; construction

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Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal
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